Did you know the English verb has five forms?
- Base Form (Present Tense)
- Infinitive: to + base form
- Past Form (Past Tense): –ed
- Present Participle/Gerund^: base form + –ing
- Past Participle: have + –ed
Base Form talk love write do
Infinitive to talk to love to write to do
Past Form talked loved wrote* did*
Present Participle talking loving writing doing
Past Participle have talked have loved have written* have done*
^The present participle form is a verb used as an adjective (“a sleeping cat”) or a verb with an auxiliary verb (ex. “is sleeping”). The gerund form is a verb used as a noun (ex.”sleeping is good for you”). The forms look the same, but the term will differ depending on how the word is used.
*Irregular verbs are irregular in their past and past participle forms.
From these five forms, English creates all 12 of its tenses.
(Did you know the English verb also has 12 tenses?!)
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