The Five English Verb Forms

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Did you know the English verb has five forms?

  1. Base Form (Present Tense)
  2. Infinitive: to + base form
  3. Past Form (Past Tense): ed
  4. Present Participle/Gerund^: base form + –ing
  5. Past Participle: have + –ed

Base Form                         talk                       love                    write                     do
Infinitive                            to talk                  to love               to write               to do
Past Form                         talked                  loved                  wrote*                  did*
Present Participle       talking                loving                 writing                 doing
Past Participle              have talked      have loved       have written*     have done*

^The present participle form is a verb used as an adjective (“a sleeping cat”) or a verb with an auxiliary verb (ex. “is sleeping”). The gerund form is a verb used as a noun (ex.”sleeping is good for you”). The forms look the same, but the term will differ depending on how the word is used.
*Irregular verbs are irregular in their past and past participle forms.

From these five forms, English creates all 12 of its tenses.
(Did you know the English verb also has 12 tenses?!)

Photo courtesy of Pexels.com.

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